“There is a point at which borders cease to be geographical lines and filters between states (always an over-simplified idea) and emerge instead as increasingly interoperable assemblages of control technologies strung out across the world’s infrastructures, circulations, cities, and bodies.”
– Stephen Graham, Cities Under Siege
“Bodies in urban spaces” is a performance intervention which tries to uncover and challenge restrictions to movement and behavior in the city.
Great start to the workshop, with discussions about concepts and perceptions surrounding borders. We found a lot of interesting contrasts rooted in language and in culture, leading us to conclude that visible and invisible borders are highly socially constructed which need to be tactically addressed in context specific ways.
In Boundary Functions by Scott Snibbe the boundaries between individuals are negotiated through spatial performances, produced through intimate exchanges of spaces.
Imponderabilia (1977) was a collaborative performance by artist Marina Abramovic and Ulay, in which they flanked the entrance to the Galleria Communale d’Arte Moderna in Bologna, Italy—completely nude.
“National borders have ceased being continuous lines on the earth’s surface and (have) become non-related sets of lines and points situated within each country.”
– Paul Andreu et. al, Borders and Borderers
The New York Talk Exchange exhibition / project reveals transnational connections (and border crossings) mapped within a city.
“Cities, like dreams, are made of desires and fears, even if the thread of their discourse is secret, their rules are absurd, their perspectives deceitful, and everything conceals something else.”
― Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities
For millions of travelers every day, an airport is the gate to a foreign country. It is here that the journey ends, that the border is finally crossed. Yet, where exactly does the border begin?
I recently heard about this book which brings to light the fact that different people and communities will use and experience the city in different ways. How do we consolidate and map these experience? What will it reveal?
Maps are power projections. Adminsitrative jurisdiction and lines divide responsibilities for a space. But these lines made on paper force social processes into play with consequences in real space. Planning maps, as such, can be thought of as tools of violence, destruction and exclusion for their impact.
This post from Urban Omnibus is a great introduction to mapping as a critical, social practice. It is a short interview with architect and educator Louise Harpman, who teachers a course on Mapping at NYU.
We must listen to voices that disagree with us, and have an open debate about how we use our powers and remember that government exists to serve the power of the individual not the other way around … that is what keeps us different to those on the other side of the wall.
– Barack Obama, June 19th at the Brandenburg Gates
Saskia Sassen’s research deals with the existence and formation of borders and of cities as frontier zones.
Thinking about maps, the first thing to come to mind is political borders. The delineations between countries, between spaces and between people which in an age of globalization make mobility more a challenge than one could hope.
About 19 kilometers (12 miles) of what appears to be black polypropylene twine, 3mm in diameter and suspended in the sky, demarcates an important boundary in Central Brooklyn.
Our great, global cities are turning into vast gated citadels where the elite reproduces itself
– Simon Kuper, Financial Times More
Cities exist to bring people together, but cities can also keep people apart
– Daniel D’Oca, Urban Planner, Interboro Partners.
Mark Skwarek – Erase the Separation Barrier Showing what’s on the other side of a border through Augmented Reality. In this case, the border is rendered invisible – a projection of a possibility.
Analysis performed earlier this year of the borders that divide and define Taksim Square. The divisions are categorized by their permeability or “fusibility”.
This photo taken by Tuca Vieira in São Paulo is a powerful image of the divided city. High-rise luxury housing on the right, a slum on the left.
the border: “a place for sharing, a ‘transactional space’. a zone of interaction, an ‘interval of resonance’, a location where functional relationships are evident, and potentially an area of community integration.”
Where does the city without gates begin?
– Paul Virilio, Lost Dimension
A brief history of the walls, borders, dividing lines, and spatial practices that define Moscow. Map from 1836 (http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamer-Kollezhsky_Val).